Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a form of mesothelioma that is quite rare. It attacks the peritoneum, which is the lining of the abdomen. This form of mesothelioma cancer is deadly and affects 20% to 30% of all mesothelioma cases. Unfortunately, in the past two decades, the incidence of this form of mesothelioma cancer has increased.
Because of where the disease is located, it is sometimes referred to as abdominal mesothelioma. Most commonly though, it is known as peritoneal mesothelioma and is referred to as such by medical professionals. The origination of this deadly form of cancer is known to be asbestos exposure. In the past, asbestos was a material heavily used because of its insulation and hardy properties. The use of asbestos literally covered a spectrum of goods that included: insulation, roofing tiles, flooring, brake pads, gaskets, sheets, cigarette filters, fire proofing and prevention materials, laboratory hoods, plastics, vinyl products, textile cloths and garments, construction products, adhesives and gold bond adhesives, construction mastics and gunning mix, ductwork connectors and flexible duct connectors as well as almost anything used to manufacture navy vessels.
Asbestos was easy to manufacture. Exposure to asbestos does contribute to nearly all cases of the lung cancer mesothelioma. When people come into contact with asbestos, its tiny fibers are either inhaled or swallowed. Contact with asbestos does increase the risk of developing asbestos-related diseases – the most serious – mesothelioma. Because of this, the UK banned the carcinogenic substance altogether since its certification as a health hazard. Approximately 4,000 deaths are attributed each year to asbestos exposure in the U.S. – approximately 1000 of those deaths are attributed to peritoneal mesothelioma. The U.S. has yet to ban asbestos all together.
People at risk of amplified health-related cancers due to asbestos exposure are those whose work puts them in direct contact with asbestos. These careers include masons, heating professionals, roofers, demolition workers and any member of the Navy. In addition to peritoneal mesothelioma, exposure to asbestos increases the risk of other health problems such as asbestosis, lung cancer and other cancers including kidney and larynx cancers.
Symptoms of mesothelioma you might want to watch out for if you have been exposed to asbestos or think you have been exposed include nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, bloating, anemia and fatigue. Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is the cause for abdominal pain and swelling. Apart from that, people report having fever when the disease starts to display symptoms. The most prevalent symptom of peritoneal mesothelioma is abdominal pain. Also keep in mind that most of the severe symptoms have a dormancy period of up to 30 years or more, meaning most victims were exposed to asbestos some 30 years prior.