The Four Types of Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma, which is an aggressive form of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, can develop in various parts of the body. Depending on where this deadly disease develops, it will be identified as pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, or testicular. The location of these tumors not only defines the type of mesothelioma a patient suffers from, but also affects the prognosis and treatment plan.
Roughly 3,200 cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed every year in the United States, most of which are pleural mesothelioma, which accounts for 75% of all cases. Here is what you need to know about all four types of this rare and devastating disease:
- Pleural Mesothelioma: This type of mesothelioma develops in the lining of one’s lungs, causing patients to experience breathlessness, chest pain, fever, and fatigue. Although the prognosis for every type of this disease is generally grim, patients diagnosed with pleural mesothelioma often have a better chance at a longer survival rate due to the extensive research being done to help patients. Depending on the stage at which a patient is diagnosed, he or she could live for over three years. With chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy, months or even years can be added onto one’s life expectancy.
- Peritoneal Mesothelioma: This type of mesothelioma develops in the lining of the abdomen. Its symptoms include abdominal pain, distention, bloating, and changes in bowel movements. Only about 40% of patients diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma qualify for surgery with heated chemotherapy (HIPEC), but 50% of those who undergo this treatment live for more than five years.
- Pericardial Mesothelioma: When mesothelioma develops in the lining of the heart, it is known as pericardial mesothelioma. Symptoms include an irregular heartbeat, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and cough. This form of mesothelioma is incredibly rare and only 200 cases have been reported in medical literature. As such, the prognosis for it is also quite poor. 50% of patients live for about six months, though surgery can help extend life expectancy.
- Testicular Mesothelioma: The rarest form of mesothelioma develops in the lining of the testes, causing scrotal swelling and painless testicular lumps. There are less than 100 cases of testicular mesothelioma reported in medical literature. The average prognosis for this form of mesothelioma is 2 years, but with surgery and chemotherapy, it is possible to live longer than the two year average.
Shrader & Associates L.L.P. is a team of award-winning mesothelioma lawyers backed by a proven track record of success in handling mesothelioma cases. If you or a loved one was diagnosed with this disease, this likely means someone else was negligent in exposing you to asbestos and must be held responsible.
Contact our office today at (877) 958-7920 to schedule a free case evaluation and discuss your situation.